NELSON MANDELA DAY -TODAY 18 TH JULY.-
Nelson Mandela: A Prophet of Reconciliation
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (pronounced [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]; 16 July 1917 - 5 December 2013) was a revolutionary, political leader and the first democratically elected president of the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa. He served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He is the country's first peasant head of state. Mandela, who held the ideals of African nationalism and socialism, was president of the African National Congress from 1991 to 1996. Mandela was born into an aristocratic family in Amway, British South Africa. He studied law at the University of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand and began his career as a lawyer in Johannesburg. There he became involved in anti-colonial activities and African nationalist politics. He joined the African National Congress in 1943 and played an active role in the founding of the Youth League in 1944. He took an active part in the anti-apartheid movement as the leader of the armed group Umkhanto Wei Siou. He was arrested by the South African government in 1962 and sentenced to life in prison for various crimes, including sabotage. Mandela was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
Most of the time he was in Robben Island, Palsmur Prison and Victor Worster Prison. In the face of national and international pressure and in the wake of the racist civil war, President F. W. De Clarke ordered his release on February 11, 1990. After his release, he took part in peace talks with the white government of South Africa in an effort to eradicate racism. As a result, general elections were held in 1994 with the participation of people of all castes. In this election, Mandela participated in the election on behalf of his party ANC and won the presidency. This marked the end of apartheid in South Africa and the establishment of democracy. Considered a symbol of democracy and social justice, Mandela has received more than 250 awards. Notable among these are the Bharat Ratna award given by the Government of India in 1990 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.  He also jointly won the inaugural award of the Shakharov Prize in 1986. In South Africa, Mandela is known to his tribe as Madiba, which means "Father of the Nation".
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