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Tuesday, August 9, 2022

What is Rakshabandhan ? Mythological story and Ritual.

 What is Rakshabandhan ? 

Mythological story and Ritual.



Rakshabandhan According to Indian religious culture , the festival of Rakshabandhan is celebrated on the full moon of the month of

Shravan . This festival binds brother and sister in the bond of affection. On this day the sister ties a tika on her brother's forehead and ties the bond of protection, which is called Rakhi. It is a Hindu and Jain festival celebrated every year on the full moon day of the month of Shravan . It is also called Shravani (Savani) or Saluno because of its celebration in Shravan (Sawan). Rakhi or Rakshasutra in Rakshabandhanis of utmost importance. Rakhi can range from cheap items like raw yarn to colorful art pieces, silk threads, and expensive items like gold or silver. Rakshabandhan is the famous festival of brother sister relationship, Raksha means protection and Bandhan means bound. On the day of Rakshabandhan, sisters pray to God for the progress of their brothers. Rakhi is usually tied by sisters only to brothers but respected relatives (such as daughter by father) are also tied by Brahmins, gurus and younger girls in the family. Sometimes a rakhi is also tied to a leader or eminent person in public. Many gifts are sold in the market on the day of Rakshabandhan. The market is crowded from morning till evening to buy gifts and new clothes. Guests keep coming and going in the house. On the day of Rakshabandhan, brothers give some gifts to their sister in exchange for Rakhi. Rakshabandhan is a festival that strengthens the love of brother and sister, on this festival all the families unite and share their love by giving Rakhi, gifts and sweets.

 


Ritual

In the morning, after retiring from bathing, girls and women decorate the plate of worship . Along with the Rakhi in the plate, there is also Roli or turmeric , rice , lamp , sweets and some money . Boys and men get ready and sit in worship or any suitable place to get the vaccine done. First the desired deity is worshipped, after that, after vaccinating the brother with roli or turmeric, rice is applied to the vaccine and sprinkled on the head, his aarti is performed, a rakhi is tied on the right wrist and money is sacrificed. They are then distributed among the poor. Above brother's ear in many provinces of IndiaThere is also a practice of planting Bhojli or Bhujriyas . Brother gives gifts or money to sister . Thus, the food is eaten only after completing the ritual of Rakshabandhan. Like every festival, gifts and special dishes of food and drink have importance in Raksha Bandhan. Usually lunch is important and there is also a tradition of sisters keeping a fast till the Rakshabandhan ritual is over. Purohit and Acharya reach the host's house early in the morning and tie rakhi to them and in return get money, clothes and food etc. This festival is so widely and deeply embedded in the Indian society that it has social significance, religion , mythology , history ,Literature and films are also no exception to this.

Let us tell you that no evidence of celebrating Rakshabandhan festival is found in our scriptures and holy scriptures like Vedas, Shri Madbhagwad Geeta, Puranas etc., it is just a folk belief. Surprisingly, on this day sisters who do not have brothers, they cry and repent for not having brothers. Whereas the truth is that if we do devotion to one God, then it is possible to protect us (sister-brother).

 


Mythological story

No one knows when the Rakhi festival started. But in the Bhavishya Purana, it is described that when the war started between the gods and the demons, the demons seemed to dominate. Lord Indra panicked and went to Brihaspati . Sitting there, Indrani's wife Indrani was listening to everything. She sanctified a silk thread with the power of mantras and tied it on her husband's hand. Incidentally, it was the day of Shravan Purnima . People believe that Indra was victorious in this battle only with the power of this thread. Since that day the practice of tying this thread on the day of Shravan Purnima is going on. This thread is believed to be fully capable of giving wealth, power, joy and victory.

The story of Krishna and Draupadi is famous in history, in which Shri Krishna's finger was injured during the war, Draupadi tied a piece of her sari to the injured finger of Shri Krishna, and in return for this favor, Shri Krishna gave Draupadi He had promised to help Draupadi in any crisis. In the Skandha Purana, Padma Purana and Shrimad Bhagwat, the context of Rakshabandhan is found in a story called Vamanavatar.

The story goes something like this, when the demon king Bali tried to snatch the kingdom of heaven after completing 100 yagyas, Indra and other gods prayed to Lord Vishnu. Then Lord Vamana incarnated in the guise of a Brahmin and reached King Bali to beg for alms. Despite the Guru's refusal, Bali donated three steps of land. God measured the whole sky, Hades and earth in three steps and sent King Bali to the abyss. This festival is also famous by the name Baleva because of Lord Vishnu shattering the pride of the King of Bali. [18] It is said that once Bali went into the abyss, then Bali took the promise of being in front of him night and day with the strength of his devotion. Narad ji told Lakshmi ji a solution, upset due to not returning to God's house. Following that remedy, Lakshmi ji went to King Bali and made him her brother by tying Rakshabandhan and brought her husband Lord Vishnu with her. That day was the full moon date of the month of Shravan. In a context of Vishnu Purana, it is said that on the full moon day of Shravan, Lord Vishnu incarnated as Hayagriva and received the Vedas again for Brahma. Lord Hayagriva is considered a symbol of learning and wisdom.

  (Disclaimer: All the information given here is based on general assumptions and information. “MANUSHER BHASHA” does not confirm this. Image credit Google

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